The Deliverance to the article 2 in "The Complaint" signed by Mr. Pavel Hanuška, without date, without addressee, negotiated over by the Deliverance of Breeding Committee. 

To The Presidium of the Club of the Breeders of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog
To members of the Breeding Committee for being informed

 
I became acquainted by the Secretary of Club of the Breeders of Czechoslovakian wolfdog and the Chairman of our embranchment, Mr. Petr Malášek, with the text "The Complaint" written by Mr. Hanuška and I was asked to deliver my attitude to its second article:
"At the meeting where youth pieces were presented on March 19th in 2003 in Hostivice and on March 26th in  Jevišovice we happen to notice that pieces that obviously were not of the kind of Czechoslovakian wolfdog were evaluated. Even though they were evidently officially judged, they were not signed ether in the record of youth presentation. This is a matter of two crossbreeds of Canadian wolf and of German Shepherd, which have already been recorded in the pedigree book of Czechoslovakian woldogs. Attentively I had studied all available records of the meetings, sessions of branches, meetings of boards and breeders committees. I have not found any notice about this record has ever been authorized. To be recorded into the pedigree book of the breed it is necessary especially to get approval of the club. Someone, then, behind the back of all members of the base of the Club of the Breeders of Czechoslovakian wolfdog, authorized that record. Everybody is silent about this matter and further, having asked the owner of one of the crossbreeds (Naďa Šebková) to get a chance to take a photograph of the piece, we were announced that that is not in the interest of the Club and it is beyond her desire. What is the intention for this record and for evaluating of animal? The Register, to wit, functions especially for keeping records about pieces whose offspring are supposed to enrich the thorough-bred breed. But the breed does not belong to any individual being, it is possession of all members of the club. Who then took on the right, instead of us - members of the club and without our awareness to take any decision?"
Because the claimant do not indicate whether he suspects that any particular assignment, rules or regulations that were valid at that time for Breeder Committee Club was disobeyed or if he feels to come to harm by deeds of some other member of the club and/or he claims correction in the matter of incorrect resolution of any authority of the Club, I apologize if my opinion would be connected with a detailed introduction for I basically do not understand, to what article should I express my opinion.

 
Two quotations for the beginning
"In 1966 we asked for having the possibility to make records about these crosses into the pedigree book of the Czech Breeders Union, as the beginning of the new breed. Our request was not met but by contraries appeared articles containing "qualified" affirmations, that it might never be possible to breed such a sub-breed." (K. Hartl, 1990)

"A deep hit, to put it mildly was to include cubs of this Kazan´s litter into the breed of Czechoslovakian wolfdog."
(F. Rosík, 1993)

I had mentioned both quotations only for one purpose. I would like to recall that Czechoslovakian wolfdog is an extraordinary breed. And extraordinary things are done by people of courage. The establishment of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog was a deed of courage and its acknowledgement lasted many years. "Experts'" disclaimer' disapproving opinions are simply less demanding and also they do not require any courage. Likewise including of F1 Kazan from frontier police into breeding in 1985 was a deed full of courage and determination. It was not "a fake project on the piece of paper" sanctified by general assemblies, panels and presidiums. It was rather a promptly taken opportunity in the moment when the hereditary factors' basis of the breed was dangerously low due to immoderate usage of the only breeding male in Slovakia. Even though this cannot be classified neither as "despotism" nor "against the regulation of the breed" as it is claimed by Mr. F. Rosík, at that time chairmen of the Club was in any case more rightful to do his critical statements than is the claimant Mr. Hanuška these days.

Lower in number, closed population

The claimant uses the collocation "thorough bred", which is a pure nonsense for "thorough bred" may be an individual piece or the way of its breeding, not the "breed" itself. The study of genetics, however, uses a term "closed population" and the study of zootechny uses the term "closed pedigree book ". Both terms possess neutral denotation, not positive one. A strictly closed pedigree book (e.g. English full-bloods horses) is a rather unique phenomenon. The existence of regulation itself about the registered breeding in our regulations of breeding and the existence of the register attached to PK ČMKU indicates that the pedigree books of dogs are not closed. Closed population (especially that of only few pieces large closed population) is a very risky agent that might cause many problems into dog-breeding. It brings gradual increase of homozygote, loss of hereditary factors (fixation allelomorph). To this is also connected the decrease of fitness condition and deterioration of health. To provide more details – let us focus on the issue of many discussions – hip joint dysplasia. Please, pay attention to these few diagrams. Whereas so far the statistical findings of hip joint dysplasia have been published according to the date of x-ray examination, I assorted view of its development according to dates of birthdates of the examined animals:

Diagram 1 - Progress of hip-joint dysplasia according to the animal´s date of birth

 red - HD "D" and "E";  orange - HD "B" and "C"; green HD "A" = free of hip dysplasia

The same figure in percentage, the figure was drawn again to 100 % examined pieces:


Diagram 2 - Progress of hip-joint dysplasia - percentual

For better orientation there is demonstrated the rate of animals that were examined by x-ray:

Diagram 3 - Quotient of animals examined by X-ray apparatus

blue -  Number of x-rays; grey -  Number of born specimen

 

And rate of species that were included into breed (green colour) of the total sum of animals born in the Czech Republic:

Diagram 4 - Results of the examination for hip-joint dysplasia with regard to size of population

blue - Number of born specimen in the year; green - Tolerable result of examination of hip-joint dysplasia; red - Result of hip-joint dysplasia excluding from breeding

What is possible to realize by reading the figures? Especially, the decreasing number of healthy pieces (HD "A") is continuously fluent; it is not plunging in context with alleged change in evaluation. We cannot escape from the problem (neither To Poland). Second: Claimed selection (in the mean time) is not able neither prevent the spreading of the defect, even though it has recently been rather stabilized. Consideration of "resurgence of blood ", increase of heterozygoteness by an in-pour of new combinations of hereditary factors into population is rightful and may once become one of the ways that will lead to further development of the breed, which is now somehow "blocked" because of the problem with dysplasia. Finally: In the closed population is observable the increase of homozygote ness on all attempts. Similar development, which the figures show on hip-joint dysplasia might be in the progress at many other hidden malformations that are not kept under a notice or we even are not able to recognized and even though they participate on the heritage of health and fitness. As long as the development of hip-joint dysplasia is a "model sample" for further polyfactorially based malformation, it would be extremely interesting to gain knowledge, how would change or how would not change the occurrence of malformation in the population which is included in the registered breed (the part that is affected by crossbreeding) in comparison to further development of the whole population. Crossing is one of the common methods of the breeders work. It is not a miraculous pill which can cure all illnesses, many crosses will not fulfil the expectations. But it represents one way and it is one of hopes. It is a deed that requires courage and will demand a lot of work. I wonder how big effort will have to be spent on pleading of "the claimant?"

 

Thoughts about further sources of hereditary factors

Ing. Hartl discussed with me about new utilization of wolves in1995 for the first time, on our way by bus on a tour to an International exhibition of dogs in Brussels. At that time the reason was not primarily the renewal, recovery of the breed. Mr. Hartl at that time spoke about the possibility to gain a very young cub of Euro-Assian wolf of the ZOO Ohrada (in Hluboká nad Vltavou) for the purpose which consequential socialization after impressing "to a men", and keeping record of its personality development. He wanted to get subs from fearless, socialized she-wolf and compare their nature with the crossbreeds F1 from the frontier police, where bitch-wolves Brita nor later Lejdy, never fully trusted the man and they may have learned the disbelief to their cubs. But at that time I was not able to create suitable surroundings to keep a wolf (neither am I a fan of home-keeping of wolves), nevertheless even at that time I promised to be willing cooperate with next generation and undertake a crossbreed F1. I still feel to be bound by giving this promise and now I am trying to fulfil it. As far as I know, at that time no member of the club brought in a she-wolf, nevertheless Mr. Lakatos obtained he-wolf.

When, about the year 1999, the negative trend in the development of hip-joint dysplasia became obvious, few unsuccessful experiments were made. The aim of those experiments was to tread bitch-wolves of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog by that he-wolf but he treated the she-wolves aggressively. I myself tried to mate the bitch-wolfdog of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog by another wolf in ZOO in Vyškov. Also this attempt did not reach a success. The he-wolf was not interested in rutting bitch-wolfdog. I had to finish those attempts when Euro-Assian wolf was removed from Vyškov to the new exposition in the ZOO in Děčín. Marginally I have mentioned the possibility to reuse this wolf again as a hereditary source in the written form in the Report of Breeders for Conference 2001.

 

Litter "A" of the breeding station Mutara

I was reminded of my promise to take in the F1 crossbreed last year. At that time three cubs of she-wolf Lupína of Mr. František Hrach were born. I was phoned to express my attitude about the possibility to include those pieces into the auxiliary register for I was a member of the breeding committee. As my own previous attempts of mating did not meet success, I inclined to the conclusion that the provided opportunity is necessary to take benefit of the registration into the auxiliary register for in future it would enable us to evaluate and review of potential of their hereditary factors, but we are not obliged to anything by taking this step. It is possible to use those pieces, according to rules of the breed, only in registered breed. The breeding committee will decide about this breed at least in four next generations.

Cubs were registered as litter "A" of the Czechoslovakian wolves of the breeding station called "Mutara" into the auxiliary register of the ČMKU (Czech-Moravian Cynological Union, member of the F.C.I.). The breeder, Naďa Šebková, owns one of the bitch. I was the one, who has bought the other one, the owner of the dog is Mr. František Hrach.

 

By course of which regulations it is acted

The record into the register is governed by the article XI. of the Breeding and Recording Regulations of the Union of Bohemia and Moravia Cynology:

XI
Registration of pieces into the register

1. The Register is a part of the pedigree book. In the pedigree book are registered:

a) imported animals registered in pedigree books that are not recognized by FCI,
b) cubs of litters of the parents that do not have three generation of ancestors registered in the pedigree books that are recognized by FC1
c) animals without the certificate of origin.

2. Requirement for registration to the register:

- see article c) ­the approval of the appropriate breeding club. The animal must be evaluated at two exhibitions by two different evaluators and evaluated by mark at least "very well ". In further breed, in accordance to advice of FCI, one of the parents should have full pedigree.

3. Certificates of origin of animals that are registered in the register will be unmistakable signed by legend: "Register of Union of Cynology of Bohemia and Moravia".

 

At the level of Club of breeders of Czechoslovakian wolfdog  then the regulations of the breed confide the decision making to the breeding committee:

D/ THE REGISTERED BREED

Is performed in a very special occasion and its aim is to renew the breed. It consist in mating of the typical pieces, where is not authenticated the origin to the third generation. The registered breed is managed by the Breeding Committee of the Club. Cubs of those mating are registered into the pedigree book in the special register; they obtain different certificates of origin. The registered club is not considered as the thorough blood breeding. (The Regulation of the Breed of the Breeding Club of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog, article 21)

 
It is obvious that owners of pieces registered in the register cannot choose the kind of the breed; they are bound only to the registered breed. That is managed by the Breeding Committee. The Breeding Committee will give its approval to each mating. It can effectively influence not only the direction of mating in four-generation time but also its range in case of possibility of finalization of the registered breeding if the animals that come from it will meet the requirements of the standard of the breed or if the risk of importation of geniuses of undesirable features and malformations into the breed of Czechoslovakian wolfdog would overbalanced the its benefits. The period of four generations is time long enough for these undesirable features to become evident.

 

The features evaluated in within generations of “the registered breed"

The basic document that provides the characteristic features of the breed is its standard. All pieces that should be farther used in the registered breeding then must undergo evaluation in the way it is done in exhibition and also at the evaluation of animals. We expect that the registered breed might enable suppress signs of suppression of manifestations of inbreeding depression, "renewal of blood ". This is a reason why it is necessary to let higher variability at the beginning, however, not in the sense of tolerance of malformation of major or disqualifying character. For evaluation of nature it is essential to require the fulfilling of the criteria that are required to fulfil Czechoslovakian wolves in the registered breed. It is necessary to pay an extraordinary attention to their health, not a single piece of the registered breed need not bring the strain for any hereditary defects that would into population of Czechoslovakian wolfdog. Before finishing of this program will probably be necessary to do even such health examination that are not required in the registered breed of Czechoslovakian wolfdog. In accordance with continuous gaining of results may the breeding committee decide about the change of number and course of the breed. To hands of competent breeders of the members of the Club should especially the pieces of the first generation be given to be kept This is also one of the ways of verification of the generation that was affected by mating.

 

There is a time for everything. Even for publishing results

There is a time for everything
and a season for every activity under heaven:
a time to be born and a time to die,
time to be silent and a time to speak,

(Ecclesiastes 3,1-7)

 

At that time were brought at the youth exhibition two cubs of the three that are registered in the auxiliary register of Union of Cynology of Bohemia and Moravia. The animals are only one year old. None of the pieces satisfied the requirements suggested by Union of Cynology of Bohemia and Moravia (evaluating at two exhibitions), they are not old enough to be included into the breed, they do not fulfil the requirements of the Club (neither age limit, x-ray examination of hip-joint dysplasia nor bonitation). Logically the breeding committee could not negotiate about the possibility to enabling of the next generation of the registered breed or about further mating. Though we are accused of being silent "about this issue." But what shall we say just now?

Finish and publish – good rule of experimental work. Finish and publish. In my opinion publishing of unfinished, uncompleted results is irresponsible for I do not anticipate if any of the three pieces will be evaluated as the piece suitable for continuity of the breed and whether the breed will have further generation or will be finished as an unsuccessful attempt. The animals are still growing but we are not aware of their biometrics. It is also too early for evaluating of their nature. What shall we, then, publish at this moment? Perhaps a gallery of photos of crossbreeds on the armchair, under the table or in bed? I guess it is not necessary to promote ourselves in accordance to other, more cynical rule­ Publish or perish.

 

Sentence by sentence throughout the complaint

"At the meeting where youth pieces were presented on March 19th in 2003 in Hostivice and on March 26th in  Jevišovice we happen to notice that pieces that obviously were not of the kind of Czechoslovakian wolfdog were evaluated.” The claimant is not qualified as evaluator. He is very daring to decide which animal “obviously is not the Czechoslovakian wolfdog”.

Even though they were evidently officially judged, they were not signed ether in the record of youth presentation.
A ­True statement - but not breaking of rules or regulations. Animals were properly evaluated at the event open to public, under the inspection of public. Nevertheless the registered breed is directed by breeding committee, the public of breeders so far cannot use those animals for their own breeding intention. That is why publishing of results does not have any sense.

This is a matter of two crossbreeds of Canadian wolf and of German Shepherd, which have already been recorded in the pedigree book of Czechoslovakian wolves. ­ The claimant is wrong. The Register is not part of the pedigree book of Czechoslovakian wolves administered by Kynological assotiation "ČKS". It is kept directly by the Cynology Union of Bohemia and Moravia, numbers of entries of pieces of the registered breed differs, they are not part of series numerical of the pedigree book of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog.

Attentively I had studied all available records of the meetings, sessions of branches, meetings of boards and breeders committees. I have not found any notice about this record has ever been authorized. ­ I have been a member of the breeding committee of the Club for eleven years and even though I am not aware of a single record of the meeting of the Breeders Committee. How it is possible, then, that the claimant studied them? (Breeding Committee has so far published in written form only outputs of its activities, validate plan of breeding, list of breeds, criteria of breed-ability, criteria for being able to be included into classes of breed-ability. From the discussion itself were not written any records, the members of the Breeding Committee have until now respected each other and up today it was not necessary to return to any closed discussion with the usage of record. By the name of the Breeding Committee speaks the main counsellor of the breed.)

To be recorded into the pedigree book of the breed it is necessary especially to get approval of the club.
The claimant is wrong at this point. The pedigree book does not belong to the club. The studbook of Union of Cynology of Bohemia and Moravia - workplace nr. 2, which is administered by assotiation ČKS, is a kind of contract based to the Club. I repeat again that the register is not a part of this studbook.

Someone, then, behind the back of all members of the base of the Club of the Breeders of Czechoslovakian wolfdog, authorized that record. ­ Each single record of cubs is authorized by the Breed advisor of the Club (notice the filed in upper-right corner of the form "Applicant's form for registration of cubs"). I cannot understand how it would be possible to sign the applicant's form of breeders in front or behind the backs of the basis of the members.

Everybody is silent about this matter and further, having asked the owner of one of the crossbreeds (Naďa Šebková) to get a chance to take a photograph of the piece, we were announced that that is not in the interest of the Club and it is beyond her desire. ­ Neither me would have such a desire that the claimant should gather information about my animals, I do not have positive experience with that (I may provide more details orally). I personally think that the claimant has made more than once harm to legitimate interest of the Club.

What is the intention for this record and for evaluating of animal? The Register, to wit, functions especially for keeping records about pieces whose offspring are supposed to enrich the thorough-bred breed.­ I have provided a detailed reply to this question.

But the breed does not belong to any individual being, it is the possession of all members of the club. ­The claimant is wrong. The breed is a term of zootechny and that is the reason for it cannot be "the possession". (For completeness' sake I add that some population of organism are poverty as they underlie the patent protection. It concerns especially organisms that were genetically modified, eventually genetically pure lines of laboratory animals. I hope that the claimant will not go further and will not apply for patent of the breed Czechoslovakian wolfdog.)

Who then took on the right, instead of us - members of the club and without our awareness to take any decision? ­ This right were "taken on" by you – members of the Club – the voted members of the Breeding Committee and rightly nominated advisors of the breed, under leadership with the main adviser of the breed and the author of the breed which is Mr. Ing. Karel Hartl. All this was done according to the regulations of the breeding. I do not think they should be obliged to do all decisions only with the claimant's awareness.

 

1.7.2003 in Brno

Jindřich Jedlička